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Updates From the Horn of Africa

Eritrean authorities are continuing to detain Bishop Fikremariam Hagos Tsalim of the Eritrean Catholic Eparchy of Segheneity, who was arrested at the Asmara International Airport on 15 October.

Segheneity is located about 38 miles south of the Eritrean capital, Asmara; the eparchy borders Ethiopia’s Tigray Region.

After the Catholic Church queried about the situation and his whereabouts, government authorities confirmed the bishop, who turns 52 on 23 October, is in their custody. Bishop Tsalim was picked up soon after returning from a trip to Europe, but as of 18 October, government authorities had not given any reasons for his detention.

Fides, news agency of the Pontifical Mission Societies, said Bishop Tsalim and two other priests were being held at Adi Abeto prison.

“We have received this ominous news (of the arrest) with immense pain and bewilderment at what is happening in our country,” Father Mussie Zerai, a Catholic priest of Eritrean origin who works with migrants, told Catholic News Service. “Our hope (is) that all priests and the bishop currently in custody will be released as soon as possible.”

On 11 October, security agents arrested Father Mihratab Stefanos, a priest of the Eparchy of Segheneity and pastor of St. Michael Church. Another Catholic priest, identified as Capuchin Abbot Abraham, was detained in the western town of Teseney.

The arrests come at a time when Eritrea continues to forcefully conscript youth into the military for the war in the neighboring Ethiopian region of Tigray. In September, soldiers rounded up boys and girls in the at the parish of Medhanie Alem in the village of Akrur, part of the diocese.

Bishop Tsalim has been serving the eparchy since 2012, when he was ordained its first bishop.

“We ask for the solidarity of all African bishops and the whole Catholic Church in Africa, who pray for their liberation and for peace throughout the Horn of Africa region. The people of this region are exhausted by war and famine and the absence of lasting peace,” said Father Zerai.

Recently, internal discontent has brewed in the Horn of Africa country because of its involvement in war in neighboring Ethiopia between the Tigray People’s Liberation Front and the government forces and allied militias. The Eritrean government has intensified youth mobilization for the war, forcing many young adults to hide or flee the country.

According to a Catholic Church source from Adigrat who could not be named for safety reasons, Bishop Tsalim has been outspoken against the war in Tigray.

“I think he is being persecuted for his opposition to the war. He is one of those clerics in Eritrea who have not been silent about the atrocities committed by the forces in Adigrat. He recently told the people not to purchase the ‘loot’ from Tigray,” said the source. “My fear is that more Catholic clerics in both countries will be targeted.”

Only 4 percent of Eritrea’s 6 million population is Catholic. Although the church is one of the four religious groups allowed in the country, the government has recently confiscated its schools, educational and health institutions.

Under the leadership of President Isaias Afwerki, for 30 years the country has not developed a functional constitution nor has it held national elections.

It is against this background that the country’s Catholic bishops recently called for  democratic rule and an end to the dictatorship.

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