Syria is a country of religious diversity whose people have faced unprecedented upheaval and destruction for decades. The fallout continues from the 6 February 2023 earthquake, which also devastated Turkey, as the rebuilding process has been hindered by economic and political sanctions.

Catholic Near East Welfare Association (CNEWA-Pontifical Mission) launched an emergency campaign to shelter survivors and provide bedding, food, medicines, nursing formula, diapers and clothing to more than 2,000 families for three months in the Aleppo and Hama areas of northern Syria. The local Christian communities who took charge in providing this relief are now engaged in the long and painful process of “returning to normal,” which has been an unknown in Syria since civil war first erupted in 2011.

Even before the earthquake, Syria was facing multiple humanitarian emergencies, brought on by the 10-year civil war in the country. According to the World Food Program, an estimated 12.4 million people in Syria — close to 60 percent of the population — are food insecure. The value of the Syrian pound is unstable, it fell dramatically in 2021, causing a sharp inflation. An estimated 50 percent of the population experienced a loss of income from the economic crisis triggered by the pandemic. Half of the state-owned hospitals and medical centers have sustained damage from the war. The country is facing a major health care crisis that has continued since COVID-19.  

As a direct result of the civil war that began in 2011 — and the rise of the Islamic State from 2014 to 2017 — hundreds of thousands of Syrians were killed and 14 million were displaced, either as IDPs or as refugees, according to a report released by the United Nations Human Rights Council in February 2022. The pre-war population was 90 percent Muslim — a majority of whom were Sunni — and 10 percent was Christian but those figures no longer apply, as Christians and other minority communities sought safety elsewhere. Aleppo, for example, once home to more than 500,000 Christians, is now inhabited by about 25,000 Christians from all rites. 

CNEWA-Pontifical Mission works closely with more than a dozen church and church-related institutions in Syria to support its diverse populations. Together with its broad coalition of partners, CNEWA-Pontifical Mission funds critical programs that serve to identify and protect the most vulnerable residents from all cultural and religious backgrounds.

Pastoral Programs

a bishop meets with a group of schoolchildren in Syria.
Archbishop Boulous Borkhoche meets with children at a religious after-school program near Khabab, Syria, in 2007. (photo: Mitchell Prothero/Polaris)

CNEWA-Pontifical Mission prioritizes support to catechetical programs providing spiritual formation and accompaniment to parishioners.

Our programs will provide health insurance for 110 parish priests and enable parish priests to travel within their parish communities.

In addition, we are working to repair damages to churches, pastoral centers, multipurpose halls and rectories. These renovations are critical to sustain the church’s mission and pastoral activities.

We are collaborating with congregations, archbishoprics, parishes and catechetical organizations in Aleppo, Damascus, Horan, Homs, Hassake, Tartous, Lattaquie and Nebek. Our partners are committed to spreading the Word of God, accompanying parishioners and strengthening their Christian faith during this time of despair, poverty and hopelessness.

CNEWA-Pontifical Mission will continue to support its local partners that operate catechetical centers to accompany parishioners, children, youth, adults and elderly by providing religious and catechetical formation through extensive programs and activities. Our catechetical formation programs will serve approximately 9,000 children, youth and adults. 

Child Care Initiatives

children attend a class in Syria.
Children attend class at a temporary school in Al Waer, in Homs, Syria. (photo: CNEWA)

CNEWA-Pontifical Mission continues to provide support to thousands of Syrian children through our church and church-related partners.

Our programs will provide around 2,300 young children with milk, diapers and clothing. In addition, CNEWA-Pontifical Mission will assist approximately 7,000 school children. We will prioritize students who are at risk of dropping out due to financial constraints, and support them by providing basic necessities to enable them to grow and thrive throughout the hard winter and hot summer days.  

Health Care Programs

a dentist gives a woman in a headscarf a checkup in Aleppo.
A dentist performs a checkup on a Sunni Muslim patient at St. Ephrem the Syriac Dispensary in the Al Soulimanya neighborhood of Aleppo. The clinic, funded and operated by the Syriac Orthodox Church, is open to those of all faith communities. (photo: Spencer Osberg)

This year CNEWA-Pontifical Mission will continue to provide health care to thousands of disadvantaged people who cannot afford the cost of medical services. 

We work through local partners on the ground, who carefully screen prospective beneficiaries and help them to obtain medical care. This program supports approximately 2,000 persons annually, including children, youth, adults and the elderly.


CNEWA-Pontifical Mission aims to work through church and church-related institutions to create employment and income-generating opportunities for people who have lost income and farmers whose fields have been destroyed by the war. We also plan to support individuals to establish or scale small businesses. 

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